What is Vertigo?
Vertigo is a specific and unsettling form of dizziness that arises from disruptions in the inner ear’s vestibular labyrinth or problems within the central nervous system that control balance and equilibrium. Unlike general dizziness, which can encompass a range of sensations, vertigo is characterized by a distinct feeling of spinning or false movement. People who experience vertigo often describe it as if the world is spinning around them, making them lose their balance or giving them a sensation of being intoxicated or unsteady, which is medically termed as “disequilibrium.” Additionally, individuals with vertigo may also encounter symptoms like tinnitus, which is a perception of ringing or buzzing sounds in the ears, or changes in their hearing.
Vertigo episodes can vary in duration and severity, and they may or may not be accompanied by symptoms like nausea and vomiting. Certain movements or changes in position, such as looking up or bending over, can exacerbate the sensation, a condition known as “motion intolerance.” What distinguishes vertigo is its sudden and often unpredictable onset, which can occur even during routine activities like getting out of bed.
In many instances, vertigo and associated motion sickness are short-lived and resolve on their own. However, for those dealing with severe or persistent vertigo or if the condition worsens over time, seeking medical attention is crucial. Specialized care may be required, and this might involve consultation with healthcare providers who specialize in the treatment of ear, nose, throat, balance, and neurological disorders. They can provide a tailored approach to manage and alleviate vertigo, aiming to improve the patient’s quality of life and overall well-being.